|President of the B.J.P||Amit Sha|
|Prime Ministe||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Lal Krishna Advani|
|Preceded by||Rajnath Singh|
|Preceded by||Dilip Pandya|
|Born||22 October 1964 (age 53)Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Political party||Bhartiya Janata Party|
|Alma mater||Gujarat University|
Amit Anil Chandra Shah (born 22 October 1964) is an Indian politician who is currently serving as President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
Shah was elected as an MLA from Sarkhej in four consecutive elections: 1997 (by-election), 1998, 2002 and 2007. He is a close associate of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and held a number of portfolios in the state government during Modi's tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat. He was MLA from Naranpura, elected in the 2012 elections.
Shah was the BJP's in-charge for India's largest and politically most crucial state, Uttar Pradesh, during the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The BJP and its allies swept the entire state, registering their best ever performance, by winning 73 out of 80 seats. As a result, Shah rose to national prominence and was appointed as the party's national president in July 2014.
Under his leadership, the BJP achieved success in Legislative Assembly elections in Maharashtra, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand and Assam in 2016, but lost the elections in Delhi and Bihar in 2015. In 2017, he led the party towards a landslide victory in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and marked the party's strong debut in Manipur, but the Akali-BJP alliance lost power in Punjab. BJP also won 13 seats in Goa and now tactfully runs a coalition government with Manohar Parrikar as the CM for the 4th time.
Amit Shah was born in Mumbai on 22 October 1964.His family were well-to-do Gujarati Hindu family.His father Anil Chandra Shah, a businessman from Mansa, owned a successful PVC pipe business.He did his schooling in Mehsana and moved to Ahmedabad to study biochemistry at CU Shah Science College. He graduated with a B.Sc. degree in biochemistry, and then worked for his father's business.He also worked as a stockbroker and in co-operative banks in Ahmedabad.
Shah was involved with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh since childhood, participating in the neighbourhood shakhas (branches) as a boy. He formally became an RSS swayamsevak (volunteer) during his college days in Ahmedabad.He first met Narendra Modi in 1982 through Ahmedabad RSS circles.At that time, Modi was an RSS pracharak (propagator), working as in-charge of youth activities in city.
Amit Shah started his political career as a leader of the student wing of the RSS, the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, in 1983.He joined BJP in 1986, one year before Modi joined the party.He became an activist of BJP's youth wing Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM) in 1987. He then gradually rose in the BJYM hierarchy, holding various posts including that of ward secretary, taluka secretary, state secretary, vice-president, and general secretary.He campaigned for Lal Krishna Advani in Gandhinagar during the 1991 Lok Sabha elections.
In 1995, BJP formed its first government in Gujarat, with Keshubhai Patel as the Chief Minister. At that time, BJP's main rival Indian National Congress was highly influential in rural Gujarat. Modi and Shah worked together to decimate Congress in the rural areas. Their strategy was to find the second most influential leader in every village, and get him or her to join BJP. They created a network of 8,000 influential rural leaders who had lost elections to the pradhan (village chief) post in various villages.
Modi and Shah used the same strategy to reduce Congress' influence over the state's powerful co-operatives, which play an important role in the state's economy. In 1999, Shah was elected as the president of Ahmedabad District Cooperative Bank (ADCB), the biggest cooperative bank in India. In Gujarat, such elections had traditionally been won on the caste considerations, and the co-operative banks had traditionally been controlled by Patels, Gaderias, Teli and Kshatriyas. Despite not belonging to any of these castes, Shah managed to win the election. At that time, the bank was on the verge of collapsing, having accumulated losses of ₹ 36 crore. Shah turned around the bank's fortune within a year's time: the next year, the bank registered a profit of ₹ 27 crore. By 2014, the bank's profit had increased to around ₹ 250 crore.Shah also ensured that 11 of the Bank's 22 directors were BJP loyalists.
Modi and Shah also sought to reduce the Congress hold over sports bodies in the state. Shah served as the president of Gujarat State Chess Association.In 2009, he became the vice-president of the cash-rich Gujarat Cricket Association (GCA), when Narendra Modi served as its president.In 2014, after Modi became Prime Minister of India, Shah became the president of GCA.
After Narendra Modi became the Prime Ministerial candidate of BJP, Shah's influence also increased in the party. The two have been accused of sidelining other BJP leaders such as Lal Krishna Advani, Sushma Swaraj, Murli Manohar Joshi and Jaswant Singh.By this time, Shah had gained recognition as an excellent election campaign manager, and had been dubbed a "modern day Chanakya and master strategist".Shah was appointed as a BJP general secretary, and was given charge of Uttar Pradesh (UP). He was chosen not by Modi, but by Rajnath Singh, who had been impressed by the skills that Shah displayed in wresting control of various Congress-controlled organizations in Gujarat.The decision did not go well down with many in the party, who saw him as a liability owing to the criminal charges against him. Political analysts such as Shekhar Gupta termed the decision as a blunder.
In July 2014, BJP's Central Parliamentary Board unanimously approved Amit Shah's appointment as the president of the party.He was re-elected BJP President unanimously on 24 January 2016.
After becoming the party president, he started an aggressive membership drive and BJP by March 2015 claimed 100 million members.
Under his leadership during 2014-16, BJP achieved success in Legislative Assembly elections in Maharashtra, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand and Assam, but lost the elections in Delhi and Bihar.
He also spearheaded the election campaigning in 2017 assembly elections, which gave BJP resounding success in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. BJP won the highest ever tally of 325 seats out of 403 under his leadership.Also of notability is BJP was able to make some headway into Manipur.Under his able stewardship, the BJP has also won 2017 Gujarat Legislative Assembly polls for a record six times and wrested power from the INC during the 2017 Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly polls. In March 2018, BJP won first time in left-ruled northeastern state Tripura with two-thirds majority. BJP also gain it's position in Nagaland and Meghalaya and formed government in both the states with its allies.